Bredt, Johann Victor

(1879-1940)
   politician; served as Heinrich Briining's* Justice Minister. Born to a manufacturing family in Barmen, he worked in 1897-1898 as a trainee with a banking association. Studies in law and economics led to a doctorate in jurisprudence in 1901, a doctorate in phi-losophy in 1904, and, upon completion of his Habilitation in 1909, appointment as Privatdozent at Marburg. Well served by bureaucratic connections, he became Professor of State and Church Law at Marburg in 1910. During 1911-1918 he represented the Free Conservatives in Prussia's* Abgeordnetenhaus; he was among a small group of Free Conservatives who in early 1918 called for abo-lition of Prussia's three-class voting system.
   Following the collapse of the Kaiserreich, Bredt helped found the DNVP; however, annoyed by the Party's involvement in the Kapp* Putsch, he left it in the spring of 1920. Objecting to Hugo Preuss's* draft constitution,* he devised his Entwurfeiner Reichsverfassung (Model for a national constitution) as a sub-stitute merging the offices of President and Chancellor. After helping Hermann Drewitz found the Economic Party* in 1920, he was elected to the Prussian Landtag (1921-1924) and served in the Reichstag* during 1924-1933. At his bidding the Party changed its name in 1925 to National Party of the German Middle Class. In 1926 he joined the parliamentary committee of inquiry into the causes of Germany's military collapse. Active with the Evangelical Church, he wrote several legal opinions concerned with church politics; his research into church law remains of scholarly importance. Finally, during March-December 1930 he was Brüning's Justice Minister. When his Party opposed Brüning's allegedly prosocialist economic policy—that is, his willingness to accept Amer-ican requirements for dollar credits—Bredt reluctantly resigned his ministry. Bredt served briefly as the Economic Party's chairman in 1931. After the November 1932 elections he was his Party's lone representative in the Reichstag. In 1933 he returned to Marburg, where, despite openly opposing the NSDAP, he managed to continue teaching.
   REFERENCES:Benz and Graml, Biographisches Lexikon; Larry Jones, German Liber-alism; NDB, vol. 2.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Johann Victor Bredt — Johann Viktor Bredt (1930) Johann Viktor Bredt (* 2. März 1879 in Barmen; † 12. Dezember 1940 in Marburg) war ein deutscher Staatsrechtler und Politiker der Reichspartei des deutschen Mittelstandes …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johann Viktor Bredt — (1930) Johann Viktor Bredt (* 2. März 1879 in Barmen; † 12. Dezember 1940 in Marburg) war ein deutscher Staatsrechtler und Politiker der Reichspartei des deutschen Mittelstandes …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • DNVP — Reichsführertagung der DNVP 1932, Geheimrat Reinhold Quaatz hält eine Rede Die Deutschnationale Volkspartei (DNVP) war eine rechtskonservative Partei in der Weimarer Republik, deren Programmatik Nationalismus, Nationalliberali …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste der Söhne und Töchter der Stadt Wuppertal — Die Liste der Söhne und Töchter der Stadt Wuppertal enthält eine Übersicht bedeutender, im heutigen Wuppertal geborener Persönlichkeiten, chronologisch aufgelistet nach dem Geburtsjahr. Ob die Personen ihren späteren Wirkungskreis in Wuppertal… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Söhne und Töchter der Stadt Wuppertal — Die Liste der Söhne und Töchter der Stadt Wuppertal enthält eine Übersicht bedeutender, im heutigen Wuppertal geborener Persönlichkeiten, chronologisch aufgelistet nach dem Geburtsjahr. Ob die Personen ihren späteren Wirkungskreis in Wuppertal… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Karl Rudolf Heinze — (* 22. Juli 1865 in Oldenburg (Oldenburg), † 26. Mai 1928 in Dresden) war ein deutscher Jurist und rechtsliberaler Politiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Beruf 2 Partei 3 Abgeordneter …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bredde — Stadt Wuppertal Koordinaten: 51° 17′& …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Klaus Goebel — im Dezember 2009 Klaus Wilhelm Goebel (* 24. April 1934 in Wuppertal) ist ein deutscher Historiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Deutschnationale Volkspartei — Partei­vorsitzende Oskar Hergt (1918–1924) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Scientific phenomena named after people — This is a list of scientific phenomena and concepts named after people (eponymous phenomena). For other lists of eponyms, see eponym. NOTOC A* Abderhalden ninhydrin reaction Emil Abderhalden * Abney effect, Abney s law of additivity William de… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.